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John McCain, War Hero, Senator, Presidential Contender, Dies at 81



John S. McCain, the proud naval aviator who climbed from depths of despair as a prisoner of war in Vietnam to pinnacles of power as a Republican congressman and senator from Arizona and a two-time contender for the presidency, died on Saturday at his home in Arizona. He was 81.
According to a statement from his office, Mr. McCain died a 4:28 p.m. local time.  He had suffered from a malignant brain tumor, called a glioblastoma, for which he had been treated periodically with radiation and chemotherapy since its discovery in 2017.

Despite his grave condition, he soon made a dramatic appearance in the Senate to cast a thumbs-down vote against his party's drive to repeal the Affordable Care Act. But while he was unable to be in the Senate for a vote on the Republican tax bill in December, his endorsement was crucial, though not decisive, in the Trump administration's lone legislative triumph of the year.

A song and grandson of four-star admirals who were his larger-than-life heroes, Mr. McCain carried his renowned name into battle and into political fights for more than a half-century. It was an odyssey driven by raw ambition, the conservative instincts of a shrewd military man, a rebelliousness evident since childhood and a temper that sometimes bordered on explosiveness. 

Nowhere were those traits more manifest than in Vietnam, where he was stripped of all but his character. He boiled over in foul curses at his captors. Because his father was the commander of all American forces in the Pacific during most of his five and half years of captivity, Mr. McCain, a Navy lieutenant commander, became the most famous prisoner of the war, a victim of horrendous torture and a tool of enemy propagandists. 
Shot down over Hanoi, suffering broken arms and a shattered leg, he was subjected to solitary confinement for two years and beaten frequently. Often he was suspended by ropes lashing his arms behind him.  He attempted suicide twice.  His weight fell to 105 pounds. He rejected early release to keep his honor and to avoid an enemy propaganda coup of risk demoralizing his fellow prisoners.

He finally cracked under torture and signed a "confession". No one believed it, although he felt the burden of betraying his country.  To millions of Americans, Mr. McCain was the embodiment of courage: a war hero who came home on crutches, psychologically scarred and broken in body, but not in spirit. He underwent long medical treatments and rehabilitation, but was left permanently disabled, unable to raise his arms over his head.  Someone had to comb his hair.   

His mother, Roberta McCain, Navy all the way, inspired his political career.  After retiring from the Navy and settling in Arizona, he won two terms in the House of Representatives, from 1983 to 1987, and six in Senate. He was a Reagan Republican to start with, but later moved right or left, a maverick who defied his party's leaders and compromised with Democrats.

He lost the 2000 Republican presidential nomination of George W. Bush, who won the White House.  
In 2008, against the backdrop of a growing financial crisis, Mr. McCain made the most daring move of political career, seeking the presidency against the first major-party African-American nominee, Barack Obama.  With national name recognition, a record for campaign finance reform and reputation for candor his campaign bus was called the Straight Talk Express.  Mr. McCain won a series of primary elections and captured the Republican nomination. 

Source: New York Times 




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